- Military assistance — Armed conflict, international — Armed conflict, non-international — Belligerence — Belligerents — Armed forces
This chapter describes Morocco's ongoing military occupation of the region of Western Sahara. It provides key casualty data gathered by the office of the UN Secretary-General. Even though Western Sahara is not universally recognised as a state and is not an Observer State within the UN, both parties to the conflict are bound by customary international humanitarian law (IHL) as the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, the state that claims sovereignty of the region, is a member of the African Union. The conflict originated in 1975 when Morocco annexed Western Sahara, a region which mainly consists of Sahrawi People. In February 1976 the Polisario Front established the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, claiming sovereignty of the land. The UN Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara reported that between April 2014 and April 2015 six incidents in occupied Western Sahara resulted in three deaths and six injured due to fighting.