- Armed conflict, international — Armed conflict, non-international — Belligerence — Belligerents — Humanitarian intervention — Armed forces
This chapter provides an overview of Israel's ongoing military occupation of Syria which began in 1967. It presents key casualty data gathered by the UN and from the international media outlets Reuters and Agence France-Presse. Both parties to the conflict are bound by customary and conventional international humanitarian law and human rights law, including customary international humanitarian law (IHL). The conflict traces its roots to the 1967 Six-Day War when Israel was able to capture parts of the Golan Heights, a region traditionally owned by Syria. In 1981, Israel unilaterally annexed the Golan Heights. Throughout the years, negotiations to return the Golan Heights to Syria continued but were unable to secure a deal. In 2014, the UN reported multiple heavy clashes between the Syrian armed forces and armed members of the opposition in the area throughout the year, including the use of ‘barrel bombs’ by Syrian forces.