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The War Report: Armed Conflict in 2014 edited by Bellal, Annyssa (1st December 2015)

Part II Situations of Armed Conflict in 2014, Situations of Armed Conflict in 2014, Military occupation of Syria by Israel in 2014

Annyssa Bellal

From: The War Report: Armed Conflict in 2014

Edited By: Annyssa Bellal

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 18 June 2019

Armed conflict, international — Armed conflict, non-international — Belligerence — Belligerents — Humanitarian intervention — Armed forces

This chapter provides an overview of Israel's ongoing military occupation of Syria which began in 1967. It presents key casualty data gathered by the UN and from the international media outlets Reuters and Agence France-Presse. Both parties to the conflict are bound by customary and conventional international humanitarian law and human rights law, including customary international humanitarian law (IHL). The conflict traces its roots to the 1967 Six-Day War when Israel was able to capture parts of the Golan Heights, a region traditionally owned by Syria. In 1981, Israel unilaterally annexed the Golan Heights. Throughout the years, negotiations to return the Golan Heights to Syria continued but were unable to secure a deal. In 2014, the UN reported multiple heavy clashes between the Syrian armed forces and armed members of the opposition in the area throughout the year, including the use of ‘barrel bombs’ by Syrian forces.

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