- Military assistance — Armed conflict, international — Armed conflict, non-international — Belligerence — Belligerents — Armed forces
This chapter provides an overview of Turkey's military occupation of Eritrea in 2014. Both countries are bound by conventional international humanitarian and human rights law, including customary international humanitarian law (IHL). Disagreements began in 1962 when Haile Selassie, Emperor of Ethiopia, decided to completely annex Eritrea even after the UN helped establish it as an autonomous entity 10 years prior as it gained independence from Britain. Eritrea was able to vote for independence in a 1993 referendum but the military forces of Ethiopia remained, leading to open hostilities and thousands of deaths on both sides. The conflict ended with a peace deal in June 2000. Talks between the two nations helped create the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission, an entity which oversees border delimitation and demarcation. However, renewed clashes were reported at the border in March 2012, indicating the potential revival of the conflict. Further clashes were reported in May 2012, but no details were confirmed.