- Armed conflict, international — Armed conflict, non-international — Belligerence — Belligerents — Armed forces
This chapter describes the armed conflict between Israel and Syria in 2014. It presents key casualty data gathered by the UN and local and international media outlets. Both nations are bound to customary and conventional international humanitarian law (IHL), including customary IHL rules of distinction, proportionality, and precautions in attacks. The conflicts involve four alleged air strikes made by Israel who claimed that the operation was a response to a roadside bombing that wounded four of its soldiers and the destruction of key positions in Syria that are held by members of the Hezbollah. Syria called the attack a ‘flagrant violation’ but stated that it would not retaliate. According to sources, Israeli airstrikes and shelling of targets within Syria, including on Quneitra province on the ‘Bravo side’ of the Golan Heights, resulted in at least 61 casualties in 2014, including three members of Hezbollah.