- Armed conflict, international — Armed conflict, non-international — Self-defence — Geneva Conventions 1949 — Military objectives — Occupation — Armed forces
This chapter describes the armed conflict between Israel and Palestine in 2014. It provides key casualty data gathered by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and the Israeli Ministry of Public Security. The conflict stems from Israel's continued military occupation of Palestinian territory and the consideration of Palestine as a state due to being granted a non-member observer status in the UN which Israel vehemently opposes. Both nations are bound to customary and conventional international humanitarian law (IHL) being party to the four 1949 Geneva Conventions. This 2014 conflict serves as the third major armed conflict between the two nations with the Israeli government describing it as an act of self-defence from rocket attacks coming from Hamas. At the end of the conflict in August of 2014, preliminary figures reported by the OCHA stated that 2,220 Palestinians, including 1,492 civilians living in the Gaza Strip were killed.