- Gender — Military assistance — Armed conflict, international — Armed conflict, non-international — Rape and sexual violence — Humanitarian intervention — Armed forces
Despite international attention to sexual violence in armed conflict being at an all-time high, sexual violence continues to be a prominent and persistent feature of all of today’s armed conflicts. It is known that sexual violence continues to be perpetrated on a large scale in todays armed conflicts, it is also known that the devastating consequences of this for the survivor, their community and for long term peace and security. The legal framework to deal with this exists and there seems to be a political will to address the issue in some states at a national level as well as at the international level, so, the chapter asks, why does implementation of law and policy remain an elusive goal and impunity remain the norm? And are there other options for securing prosecutions? This chapter firstly outlines the sex and gender aspects of sexual violence, as well as the international legal framework prohibiting sexual violence before turning to these questions and looking at possible alternative criminal justice mechanisms that might be worth consideration.