- Human rights remedies — Elements of crimes — International criminal law, conduct of proceedings — Evidence
This chapter comments on Article 22 of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. According to the ‘principle of legality’, a person may not be punished if incriminating acts, when they were committed, were not prohibited by law. The rule is one of the rare provisions set out as a non-derogable norm in all of the major human rights conventions. Article 22 is the first of three provisions dealing with issues of retroactivity. A Trial Chamber explained that ‘[r]ead together, these three provisions pertain to the substantive law, such as the crimes set out in Articles 5 to 8bis of the Statute. The principle of non-retroactivity is more applicable to matters of substance than to those of procedure’.
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