Part I General Questions, 4 The EU and the Fight against Organised Crime
Edited By: Pierre Hauck, Sven Peterke
- Civil and political rights — Organized crime
The effective prevention of and the fight against all types of transnational organised crime (TOC) has been one of the biggest challenges to the criminal policy of the EU for decades. In this connection, the EU and its member states are facing the task of striking an equitable balance between the interest in ensuring an effective criminal justice system on one hand, and the protection of civil rights that the rule of law offers on the other. On the basis of the EU strategies and programmes to create an area of freedom, security, and justice, this chapter retraces the development of European criminal law in relation to TOC. It shows that the acquis communautaire now attained comprises a multiplicity of legal instruments aiming at the protection of European society and its economies from organised crime.