Jump to Content Jump to Main Navigation

Part III Other Relevant International Regimes and Issues, 15 Transnational Organised Crime and Cultural Property

Bernhard Kretschmer

From: International Law and Transnational Organised Crime

Edited By: Pierre Hauck, Sven Peterke

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 04 December 2020

Organized crime — Cultural property / heritage — Armed conflict

Global demand for art and historical artefacts makes them attractive for international crime. A diverse array of offences includes robbery/theft, illicit excavation, illicit import and export, forgery, fraud, and dealing in stolen goods. Cultural objects are also at risk of destruction and pillage in armed conflicts, offences treated as war crimes. The international community has long endeavoured to develop instruments to improve protection of cultural property. These efforts include, for armed conflicts, the Regulations concerning the Laws and Customs of War on Land, the 1954 Hague Convention and the Rome Statute and, for illegal trade, the 1970 UNESCO Convention and the 1995 UNIDROIT Convention. Despite all these efforts, there is still room for improvement, and in particular to strengthen international cooperation among law enforcement agencies and authorities for protecting cultural property. International organisations like Interpol and UNESCO play a key role in this regard as driving forces and intermediaries.

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.