Part II UN Core Conventions on Transnational Organised Crime, 10 The UN Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components, and Ammunition 2001
Aaron X. Fellmeth
Edited By: Pierre Hauck, Sven Peterke
- Organized crime — Arms control — Weapons
This chapter analyses the background and provisions of the Firearms Protocol. It begins by describing the problem of global trade in small firearms and light weapons to criminal organisations, and outlines international efforts before 2000 to subject the arms trade to formal and informal forms of international and regional regulation. It then summarizes the negotiating history of the Protocol and the provisions of the Protocol as finally adopted by the UN General Assembly, including the travaux préparatoires relating to the most controversial and important provisions. It then discusses the steps taken by the parties to the Protocol to implement it through domestic legislation and international cooperation. The chapter ends with a summary of the major global and regional developments in small arms trade regulation that have supplemented or built upon the Protocol, such as the UN Arms Trade Treaty.