- Law of the sea — Marine living resources — UNCLOS (UN Convention on the Law of the Sea) — Internal waters — Territorial sea — Exclusive economic zone — Continental shelf — High seas — Fisheries — Flag state
This chapter discusses the international legal framework of contemporary management and conservation of marine living resources (MLR), its shortcomings, challenges, and possible future progress. It defines the concept of MLR, explains its relevance, and then discusses the applicable general principles to their management. It analyzes the legal frameworks of the 1982 UN Convention on the Law on the Sea (LOSC) and the 1995 Fish Stocks Agreement (FSA). It then considers specific challenges such as the regulation of fishing methods, compliance and enforcement of legal rules, and the management of marine mammals. It discusses two emerging approaches to MLR conservation and concludes with remarks on potential development for sustainably managing MLR.