3 Mainstreaming Marine Biological Diversity Conservation in the Law of the Sea
From: Saving the Oceans Through Law: The International Legal Framework for the Protection of the Marine Environment
- Sustainable development — Endangered species — Marine environment, protection — Specific treaties
Chapter 3 considers how the conservation of marine biological diversity has emerged as a major concept that has influenced the development of the international legal framework for the protection of the marine environment. Whilst the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) only obliquely refers to the importance of protecting marine ecosystems, biodiversity has come to play a much greater role in the modern law of the sea, particularly since the conclusion of the Convention Biological Diversity (CBD). The chapter analyses the structure and content of this Convention and related global biodiversity treaties and how they apply to marine areas. It also considers how the conservation of marine biodiversity has emerged as a central objective of many regional seas treaties and the roles that these instruments have played in offering protection to endangered or threatened marine species and promoting the global objective of increasing the number and scope of marine protected areas.