Waiver of Immunity
- Diplomatic immunity — Diplomatic missions — Diplomatic relations — Immunity from jurisdiction — Waiver
This chapter explores Article 32 of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations which highlights the waiver of immunity of diplomatic agents. According to Article 32, the immunity from jurisdiction of diplomatic agents and of persons enjoying immunity under Article 37 may be waived by the sending State. In addition, the Article also states that the waiver sent must always be express and that the initiation of proceedings by a diplomatic agent or by a person enjoying immunity from jurisdiction under Article 37 shall preclude him from invoking immunity from jurisdiction in respect of any counter-claim directly connected with the principal claim. Finally, the Article also states that waiver of immunity from jurisdiction in respect of civil or administrative proceedings shall not be held to imply waiver of immunity in respect of the execution of the judgment, for which a separate waiver shall be necessary.