Volume II, s.8 Enforcement, 45 Fines and Forfeiture Orders
Claus Kress, Göran Sluiter
Edited By: Professor Antonio Cassese, Professor Paola Gaeta, Mr John R.W.D. Jones
The Military Tribunals of Nuremberg and Tokyo did not impose fines or forfeiture measures, although the imposition of these penalties was not excluded by their Statutes.1 The Ad Hoc Tribunals cannot impose fines for the international crimes under their jurisdiction,2 nor can they order the forfeiture of proceeds, property, and assets deriving from such crimes.3 Failing any extensive practice of enforcing international fines and forfeiture measures, it was basically the inter-State practice on the enforcement of fines and forfeiture measures which could serve as a...