Volume II, s.5 The Statute and General International Law, 26 International Criminal Responsibility of the Individual and International Responsibility of the State
Edited By: Professor Antonio Cassese, Professor Paola Gaeta, Mr John R.W.D. Jones
- Individual criminal responsibility — Crimes against humanity — Aggression — Genocide — War crimes — Responsibility of states
‘Crimes against international law are committed by men, not by abstract entities, and only by punishing individuals who commit such crimes can the provisions of international law be enforced.’ 1 This familiar affirmation by the Nuremberg Tribunal mandated by the Allies to judge high-ranking Nazis for the crimes they had ordered and organized in the name of the Third Reich brings out from the outset the links that exist between criminal individuals and the States on whose behalf they act. According to the classical rules of the law on international responsibility...