Through the establishment of the ICTY and the ICTR, the Security Council gave a new dimension to the exercise of its powers for the maintenance of international peace and security, by becoming active in the field of the prosecution of international crimes. In this perspective, the Rome Statute takes over from the Security Council’s pioneering action and consolidates the progress accomplished in the field of international criminal law. But it also provides for a new instrument at the Security Council’s disposal for the fulfilment of its primary responsibility under...
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