Volume I, s.3 Jurisdiction, 12 Jurisdiction Ratione Personae
Edited By: Professor Antonio Cassese, Professor Paola Gaeta, Mr John R.W.D. Jones
- Jurisdiction — International courts and tribunals, procedure — Judges — International courts and tribunals, powers — Genocide — Individual criminal responsibility — Responsibility of states — Nationalilty of individuals
The two Military Tribunals established at Nuremberg and Tokyo in the aftermath of World War II were a clear expression of the Allied Power’s victory.1 The personal jurisdiction of the two Courts—and of the Military Tribunals established in their wake2—obviously bore an important consequence: they came into existence only to punish the vanquished.3 The Nuremberg Tribunal had the power to punish persons acting ‘in the interest of the European Axis countries’, while the Tokyo Tribunal had jurisdiction over ‘Far Eastern Criminals’. The punishment of crimes committed...