When the idea of relaying communications by artificial earth satellites was put forward in 1945,1 it appeared to verge on science fiction. Yet, less than 25 years later, on 21 July 1969, thanks to artificial satellites (which made transoceanic television transmission possible for the first time), live pictures of man's first landing on the moon were brought by television to an estimated audience of 500 million people in virtually all parts of the world.2 Satellites have added a new dimension to telecommunications. Little wonder that the United Nations General...
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