- Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment — Gross violations — International criminal law, victims
This chapter covers the inter-American system’s jurisprudence on the right to humane treatment under Article 5 of the American Convention. It reviews the inter-American system’s normative framework, definitions, and the international and regional instruments concerning torture and inhuman, cruel, or degrading treatment or punishment (CIDT). The chapter also discusses the system’s evidentiary standards for proving the existence of and responsibility for torture violations. It concludes by examining the Court’s jurisprudence concerning who may be considered an "injured party" in cases of CIDT, discussing the impact of torture on direct and indirect victims, and presenting the Court’s doctrines concerning the suffering of direct family members of victims.
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