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Part Two The Doctrine and Practice of the Inter-American System, 7 Emergency, Armed Conflict, and Human Rights Protections in the Inter-American System

James L. Cavallaro, Claret Vargas, Clara Sandoval, Bernard Duhaime, Caroline Bettinger-Lopez, Stephanie Erin Brewer, Diana Guzmán, Cecilia Naddeo

From: Doctrine, Practice, and Advocacy in the Inter-American Human Rights System

James L. Cavallaro, Claret Vargas, Clara Sandoval, Bernard Duhaime, Caroline Bettinger-Lopez, Stephanie Erin Brewer, Diana Guzman, Cecilia Naddeo

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 17 April 2021

Subject(s):
Human rights — Armed conflict

This chapter discusses the abilities and scope of state powers to suspend certain human rights protections on a temporary basis and the protections for non-derogable rights in the inter-American system in times of national emergency. It begins by reviewing the legal basis for and Court jurisprudence on the suspension of guarantees under Article 27 of the American Convention. It then discusses prolonged conflicts and the potential for abusing emergency status, before turning to the Court’s jurisprudence on non-derogable rights and situations of armed conflict. The chapter concludes by discussing the relationship of the inter-American system to international humanitarian law, considering two of the Court’s emblematic cases: Bámaca Velázquez v. Guatemala and Massacre of Santo Domingo v. Colombia

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