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Part Two The Doctrine and Practice of the Inter-American System, 5 Mass Atrocity, Contemporary Responses, and Transitional Justice

James L. Cavallaro, Claret Vargas, Clara Sandoval, Bernard Duhaime, Caroline Bettinger-Lopez, Stephanie Erin Brewer, Diana Guzmán, Cecilia Naddeo

From: Doctrine, Practice, and Advocacy in the Inter-American Human Rights System

James L. Cavallaro, Claret Vargas, Clara Sandoval, Bernard Duhaime, Caroline Bettinger-Lopez, Stephanie Erin Brewer, Diana Guzman, Cecilia Naddeo

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 28 February 2021

Subject(s):
Gross violations — Amnesty — Armed conflict

This chapter examines the work of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and Inter-American Court of Human Rights Commission in pursuing accountability for systematic human rights violations. It considers the case of Argentina to examine in detail the history of human rights violations, transition, impunity and, ultimately, the beginning of a process of accountability. It discusses the role of truth commissions in countries transitioning from military dictatorships and rights-abusing regimes or internal armed conflict, the prosecution of members of military forces after transitions, and the effects that subsequent amnesty laws have had on shielding abusers from accountability in the region. It explores how activists have used the Inter-American system to challenge amnesty laws and pardons in Argentina, Chile, El Salvador, and Uruguay.

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