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Part 3 Trends in Decision and Conditioning Factors: Claims Relating to Respect, Six Respect as the Core Value of Human Rights

From: Human Rights and World Public Order: The Basic Policies of an International Law of Human Dignity (2nd Edition)

Myres S. McDougal, Harold D. Lasswell, Lung-chu Chen

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 23 July 2021

Equality before the law — Freedom from slavery or forced labour — Freedom of association — Freedom of expression — Freedom of thought, conscience, and religion — Right to non-discrimination — Coercion & harassment — Claims

This chapter focuses on respect as the core value of human rights. It begins with a discussion of four particular outcomes of respect: a fundamental freedom of choice for all individuals regarding participation in all value processes; equality of opportunity for all individuals to enjoy the widest range of effective choice in their interactions with others; additional rewards in deference to individuals who make key contributions to common interests; and an aggregate pattern of social interactions in which all individuals are protected in the utmost freedom of choice and from possible coercion. The chapter also considers the different kinds of claims that individuals make upon constitutive process for the protection and fulfillment of respect, namely: claims relating to outcomes, participation, perspectives, situations, base values, and strategies. Finally, it discusses the importance of projecting and clarifying general community policies in order to realize the four outcomes of the “respect” value.

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