- Equality before the law — Disability — Ethnicity — Gender — Race
This chapter considers claims relating to a basic equality of opportunity and freedom from discrimination. It begins with a discussion of the general norm of nondiscrimination that is rapidly emerging as an accepted prescription of international law, citing in particular the stated purpose of the United Nations Charter to “achieve international cooperation in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion.” It also examines other international instruments that promote nondiscrimination, including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenants on Human Rights, the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, and the Proclamation of Teheran issued by the International Conference on Human Rights in 1968.
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