1 The office of the ‘High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy’ was created by the 1997 Treaty of Amsterdam as the ‘High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy’. It was first occupied by the then former NATO Secretary-General Javier Solana (1999–2009), who was succeeded by Catherine Ashton (2009–2014) and Federica Mogherini (2014–2019). Since 12 December 2019, the position is held by Josep Borrell. 2 In the early days, the High Representative (‘HR’) was not an autonomous office but was combined with the position of...
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full
to access all content.