1 The case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU or ‘Court’) has had a major de facto impact on European integration and the development of European Union (EU) law (see inter alia Stone Sweet). The CJEU’s case law is referred to as a binding source of law by the Court itself and by Member States and EU institutions. Moreover, it often precedes legislative developments in EU and Member State law, in the sense that developments in the case-law may be expressed in codified form in changes made to the Treaties, or in EU regulations or directives, or...
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