1 Forests can release greenhouse gases (‘GHGs’) into the atmosphere, acting as sources of emissions—for example when trees die as a result of deforestation, fires, pests, diseases, or soil disturbances—or, conversely, store carbon—for example in biomass, in soils, and in harvested wood products—thus acting as carbon sinks. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (‘IPCC’) estimates that land use and land use change (‘LULUCF’) is responsible for about 13% of total CO2 emissions (IPCC, 2019). These net emissions are mostly due to deforestation, which is largely...
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