1 In 2017, State Parties to the 1998 Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (‘Rome Statute’) agreed to activate the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court (ICC) over the crime of aggression (Coalition for the International Criminal Court, 2021). Given that Article 8bis Rome Statute is broadly drafted, some have argued that it could conceivably encompass cyber-attacks that have taken place between nations (Scheffer, 2017, 84). As international courts and tribunals have engaged with claims relating to cyber aggression in all its forms, there has...
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full
to access all content.