1 The term forum shopping generally denotes the practice of claimants, in situations where several forums are available to them for the resolution of a dispute, to select the forum they perceive as promising them the most favourable outcome (Baumgartner, 2016, 1). Forum shopping is thus part of a claimant’s litigation strategy. A requirement for the possibility to forum shop is that a claimant’s choice is not limited to submitting a dispute to one particular forum or not submitting the dispute at all, but that she or he can choose between at least two different...
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