1 The notion of erga omnes effects is mysterious, but significant. The mystery begins with the choice of terms. Translated literally, the Latin words ‘erga omnes’ mean ‘towards all’, but that literal meaning remains bland: it only gains contours in particular contexts. In the context of international adjudication, ‘erga omnes’ is typically used to describe effects of judicial decisions that affect third parties. In that sense, ‘erga omnes effects’ are contrasted to ‘inter partes effects’, notably the duty of parties to comply with the outcome of a decision....
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