1 The ultimate mandate of an arbitral tribunal is to render a final and binding determination of the dispute between the parties through one award or multiple awards (Waincymer, 2012, 1263). The process through which a tribunal reaches its decisions is confidential and often remains secret. However, understanding the process through which a tribunal reaches its decision is vital for counsel preparing submissions to a tribunal, academics studying decisions, and to the parties who use arbitration to resolve disputes. 2 This article examines the deliberation and...
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