1 Ethiopia and Eritrea are two neighbouring countries in Northeast Africa, also known as the Horn of Africa. Whereas Ethiopia has always been ‘an independent member of the international community’ (Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission (‘Commission’ or ‘EEBC’)), Decision regarding Delimitation of the Border between Eritrea and Ethiopia, 2002, para 2.7), Eritrea was under Italian rule until 1941. As a consequence of Italy’s defeat during the Allied East African campaign of 1940–41, Eritrea was first placed under the military authority of the United Kingdom. By...
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