International Monsanto Tribunal in The Hague
Catherine Le Bris
- Human rights — International environmental law — Advisory opinions
Published under the direction of Hélène Ruiz Fabri, with the support of the Department of International Law and Dispute Resolution, under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for Procedural Law.
1 The International Monsanto Tribunal (‘Monsanto Tribunal’ or ‘IMT’) defined itself as ‘an “extraordinary” court born out of the determination of civil society’ (IMT Advisory Opinion, 2017, 9). It was an opinion tribunal rather than an ordinary State court or a court set up by an international organization. 2 This Tribunal was not the first one of its kind. It followed the tradition initiated by the Russell Tribunal and pursued, especially, by the Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal (‘PPT’) or the Policies of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Tribunal...