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Max Planck Encyclopedia of International Procedural Law [MPEiPro]

Terrorism Court (1937)

Michael D Callahan

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 05 June 2020

World War I to World War II — Terrorism — Extradition and mutual assistance — International courts and tribunals, procedure — International criminal courts and tribunals, procedure

Published under the direction of Hélène Ruiz Fabri, with the support of the Department of International Law and Dispute Resolution, under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for Procedural Law.

1 The formal proposal for the establishment of the world’s first international criminal court to try accused terrorists was made in response to a terrorist attack that sparked an international crisis in Europe in 1934 (Terrorism). While some legal experts had been advocating expanding the role of the League of Nations in unifying criminal law among States in order to prevent and punish certain forms of political violence, there were no international efforts to criminalize State-supported terrorism before the attack. Guided by a proposal from the French government,...
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