1 The Energy Charter Treaty (1994) (‘ECT’ or ‘Treaty’) is the only binding multilateral instrument dealing with inter-governmental cooperation in the energy sector (International Energy Law). The Treaty covers a broad range of matters, including substantive obligations and commitments with respect to investment protection, transit of energy, energy efficiency, trade, competition, and the environment. 2 The initiative for the ECT arose during a European Council meeting in June 1990 from then-prime minister of the Netherlands, Ruud Lubbers, as a means to enhance...
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full
to access all content.