1 The presumption of innocence is a key concept in criminal procedure (both domestic and international), and in international human rights law (‘IHRL’). Indeed, it is part of customary international law and applies with reasonable variations in all major legal traditions. It also applies to mutual legal assistance in criminal matters (Harris and others, 2014, 460). The presumption of innocence has been recognized as a major due process guarantee under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966) (‘ICCPR’) and in all regional human rights...
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