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Max Planck Encyclopedia of International Procedural Law [MPEiPro]

European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT)

Malcolm Evans

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 30 July 2021

Subject(s):
Torture — Imprisonment

Published under the direction of Hélène Ruiz Fabri, with the support of the Department of International Law and Dispute Resolution, under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for Procedural Law.

1 The origins of the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (‘ECPT’), adopted on 26 November 1987 by the Council of Europe (COE) and entered into force on 1 February 1989, lie in ideas first put forward in the 1970s by Jean-Jacques Gautier, a Swiss banker. Inspired by the work of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), and at a time when the contemporary reality of torture was coming to the fore, he proposed that a system of visiting to places of detention by an independent international body...
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