1 The core function of every criminal trial is to establish the truth of the case in order to determine the guilt or innocence of the accused. In the adversarial process model in common law jurisdictions, the trial is based on the idea of a contest between prosecution and defence with each party presenting their side to an impartial arbitrator such as a judge or a jury. In the inquisitorial trial in civil law jurisdictions, it is the judge or panel of judges who are expected to discover the truth by examining the presented evidence or calling evidence themselves....
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