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Indonesia — Importation of Horticultural Products, Animals, and Animal Products, New Zealand and United States v Indonesia, Panel Reports, ITL 153 (WTO 2016), WT/DS477/R, WT/DS478/R, 22nd December 2016, Panel Reports

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 17 January 2021

Whether a state exercised the principles of good faith and due process in articulating its defence in a prompt and clear way so that the co-complainants had adequate opportunity to address and respond to defences.

Whether Article XI:2(c)(ii) of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 (the ‘GATT 1994’) was applicable in excluding alleged measures from the scope of Article XI:1 of the GATT 1994.

To what extent the Panel could exercise judicial economy in declining to rule on a few issues raised by the co-complainants.

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