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Military and Paramilitary Activities in and Against Nicaragua, Nicaragua v United States, Merits, Judgment, (1986) ICJ Rep 14, ICGJ 112 (ICJ 1986), OXIO 88, 27th June 1986, United Nations [UN]; International Court of Justice [ICJ]

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 25 October 2021

Whether the Court should determine the claims regarding the use of force in international relations notwithstanding the exclusion from its jurisdiction of disputes ‘arising under’ the Charter of the United Nations and Organization of American States Charter , and if so, which applicable treaty law to apply.

Whether the United States, by training, equipping, arming, financing, and supplying the contra rebels, had violated its obligation not to intervene into domestic affairs of Nicaragua.

Whether certain forcible actions of the United States had violated its obligation under customary international law not to use force; whether some of those actions also contravened the 1956 US-Nicaragua FCN Treaty or were calculated to deprive it of its object and purpose.

Whether, by producing in 1983 a manual for preparing rebels in Nicaragua, the United States contravened international humanitarian law.

Whether the United States' intervention in and embargo against Nicaragua violated applicable law, and if so, whether it was justified by alleged requests by El Salvador, Honduras, and Costa Rica for assistance in their collective self-defence or whether any other circumstances may justify the intervention.

Whether the United States should make reparation to Nicaragua for its violations of customary international law and treaty-law.

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