1 The Philip Morris cases were two investment disputes brought before arbitral tribunals (Arbitration) by entities of the Philip Morris group against Uruguay and Australia (International Investment Arbitration). The investment disputes concerned tobacco packaging and presentation legislation introduced by these States to protect public health. It was the first time that ambitious tobacco-control measures were challenged in international investment arbitration (Lin 129; see Han 770 on other international cases relating to tobacco). As for Australia, it was the...
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