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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Germany, Reunification of (1990)

Jeremy Hill, Michael Wood

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved.date: 18 August 2022

Since World War II — Occupation — Restitution — State succession, international agreements — Unification — Boundaries

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 This entry mainly concerns international legal aspects of German reunification (also referred to as ‘German unification’), which took place on 3 October 1990, when the five Eastern Länder of the German Democratic Republic (‘GDR’), as well as that part of Berlin in which the Basic Law had not been in force, ie the Eastern sector of Berlin, acceded to the Federal Republic of Germany (‘FRG’) in accordance with Art. 23 FRG Basic Law and the Treaty on the Establishment of German Unity between the FRG and GDR (‘Unification Treaty’). From 3 October 1990, the united...
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