James R Crawford
Ian Brownlie (1932–2010) was born on 19 September 1932 in Liverpool and was educated at Alsop High School, Liverpool and Hertford College Oxford, before undertaking a doctorate at Oxford under Humphrey Waldock. He spent a year (1955–56) at Kings College Cambridge as Humanitarian Trust Student in Public International Law. He taught at Nottingham Law School (1957–63) before becoming a tutorial fellow and university lecturer in law at Wadham College (1963–76). Following a period as Professor of International Law at the LSE, from 1980 to his retirement in 1998 he was Chichele Professor of Public International Law in the University of Oxford and a Fellow (later Distinguished Fellow) of All Souls College. He was a member of the International Law Commission from 1997–2008, and its Chairman in 2007. He was knighted in 2009 for services to international law. He was the author of numerous books on international law, including International Law and the Use of Force by States (1963), African Boundaries (1979), State Responsibility (Part I) (1983), and his 1995 Hague lectures, The Rule of Law in International Affairs (Martinus Nijhoff, 1998). A member of Blackstone Chambers, he was a leading advocate before the International Court of Justice, the European Court of Justice, the European Court of Human Rights, and other international tribunals, as well as before the English courts. He was an arbitrator in a number of important cases including Barbados/Trinidad & Tobago (2006).
James Crawford is Whewell Professor of International Law and a Fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge and concurrently Research Professor of Law at LaTrobe University. He is a Senior Counsel (NSW) and a member of the English bar, practising from Matrix Chambers. He was the first Australian member of the United Nations International Law Commission and was responsible for the ILC’s work on the International Criminal Court (1992–94) and for the second reading of the ILC Articles on State Responsibility (1997–2001). A graduate student of Ian Brownlie’s, he has appeared before the International Court of Justice and other international tribunals and was, for many years, Director of the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law in the University of Cambridge.