Article 1 United Nations (UN) Charter lists the first purpose of the organization as being ‘to maintain international peace and security’. Primary responsibility for this work has been conferred by the community of nations upon the Security Council. Under Article 39 UN Charter, the Council is vested—as an executive body—with the power to determine the existence of threats to international peace and security, to make recommendations about, and to decide on what measures shall be taken to maintain or restore international peace and security. A range of measures have...
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