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Oxford Reports on International Law in Domestic Courts


Oxford Reports on International Law in Domestic Courts (ILDC) covers international law as applied in the domestic courts of around 70 jurisdictions. The geographical scope is intended to be as broad as possible; ILDC currently reports on countries from every continent in the world and continues to add new reporters and new jurisdictions.

The policy for ILDC has been to focus first on relevant cases from 2000 to the present for each jurisdiction, and then to work back through decisions of earlier years to increase the size of the archive. Occasionally, ILDC reports on much earlier cases if they are very important for the development of international law jurisprudence in a particular jurisdiction.

ILDC policy is to cover case law not only from states but also from certain territorial entities that are not generally classified as states. This is done in recognition of the fact that judicial decisions of such entities can be of interest to international lawyers, as recognized by the International Court of Justice and the European Court of Human Rights, amongst others. Publication of judicial decisions from such territorial entities does not reflect an opinion as to whether these entities should or should not be classified as states.

Case Selection Criteria

Cases are selected for inclusion in ILDC according to two broad criteria:

  1. Decisions which are relevant to the identification and interpretation of rules of international law, specifically
    • Cases which are expected to be cited in international courts, the domestic courts of other jurisdictions, or in scholarly work, as authority for a particular point of international law.
    • Cases which point to the development of new (interpretations of) international legal principles, or confirm well-established rules of international law.
    • Cases which address a point of international law that is controversial or may be changing.
  2. Decisions which are relevant to the reception and application of international law by states in their national legal orders, including:
    • Cases which are of particular importance for the way in which international law is applied in a particular country, such as new approaches to the interpretation of national law in the light of international law or new approaches to effectuating judgments of international courts, or
    • Cases in which the method of reception is of interest in a comparative perspective because it differs from what is done in other states and/or because it may be an example that could be followed in other jurisdictions.

Citations listed in ILDC reports

Note that ILDC reports do not include lists of citations to domestic instruments and legislation mentioned in the decision, as such references generally have only a minor relevance to the international law issues involved. Further, only key domestic cases will be listed, as focusing too much on domestic case law is a distraction for the international law researcher.


Editorial Board


André Nollkaemper is Dean and Professor of Public International Law at the Faculty of Law of the University of Amsterdam. He is also external Legal Advisor to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands, Member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, Member of the Institut de Droit International, and Member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Between 2014 and 2017 he was President of the European Society of International Law and in 1999, he established the Amsterdam Center for International Law (ACIL), which has become a centre of excellence at the University of Amsterdam and ranks amongst the top institutions for international law in the Netherlands.

His practical experience includes cases before the International Court of Justice, the European Court of Human Rights, the Special Court for Sierra Leone, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, courts of the Netherlands, and consultancy for a variety of international and national organizations.

Professor Nollkaemper has published widely on general international law, and in particular on the relationship between international and domestic law, international responsibility, and international environmental law.

August Reinisch has been a professor of international and European law at the University of Vienna since 1998. He currently serves as Head of the Section of International Law and International Relations and as Director of the LL.M. Program in International Legal Studies. From 2004 to 2006 and from 2010 to 2014 he was Dean for International Relations of the Law School of the University of Vienna. His professional experience includes arbitrator and expert adviser in Austrian and foreign court litigation as well as in international, mostly investment arbitration. He has served as arbitrator in investment cases mostly under ICSID and UNCITRAL Rules, and frequently provided expert opinions in the field. Since 2001, he has been serving pro bono as arbitrator on the In Rem Restitution Panel according to the Austrian General Settlement Fund Law. He is a Member of the UN International Law Commission, a membre associé of the Institut de droit international, president of the Austrian Branch of the ILA and of the German Society of International Law, and former Executive Board member of the European Society of International Law. August Reinisch holds Master’s degrees in philosophy (1990) and in law (1988) as well as a doctorate in law (1991) from the University of Vienna and an LL.M. (1989) from NYU Law School. He is admitted to the Bars of New York and of Connecticut (since 1990). In 1994, he obtained the Diploma of the Hague Academy of International Law.

His main publications include International Organizations before National Courts (Cambridge University Press 2000), with Christoph Schreuer, Loretta Malintoppi and Anthony Sinclair, The ICSID Convention: A Commentary (Cambridge University Press, 2nd ed., 2009) and Essentials of EU Law (Cambridge University Press, 2nd ed., 2012); he has edited Standards of Investment Protection (Oxford University Press 2008), The Privileges and Immunities of International Organizations in Domestic Courts (Oxford University Press, 2013), and The Conventions on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations and its Specialized Agencies. A Commentary (Oxford University Press, 2016).


Erika de Wet Co-Director of the Institute for International and Comparative Law in Africa and Professor of International Law at the University of Pretoria, and Professor of International Constitutional Law at the Amsterdam Center for International Law, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


Belinda Macmahon, an Australian lawyer, was with the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague, Netherlands, from 2001 to 2009, where she was employed as Legal Counsel/Chief Editor. In that capacity she edited a number of books on issues of public international law, including two compilation volumes published by Oxford University Press ('Redressing Injustices Through Mass Claims Processes', 2006, and 'Multiple Party Actions in International Arbitration', 2009), six volumes of the Permanent Court of Arbitration Award Series (TMC Asser Press), and seven volumes of the PCA's Peace Palace Papers series (Kluwer Law International). She was the Registrar of the Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims Commission from 2004 until the completion of its mandate in 2009. She is qualified as a solicitor in South Australia, England and Wales, and Hong Kong SAR.

Belinda is also a Managing Editor for the International Criminal Law module of ORIL and Editor of the African Country Reports for Oxford Constitutions of the World.


Eyal Benvenisti Magnus Killander Antonios Tzanakopoulos
Tel Aviv University University of Pretoria University of Oxford
Claudia Martin Riccardo Pavoni Dinah Shelton
American University University of Siena George Washington University


Anna Begemann BjörnSchiffbauer Beti Hohler
University of Oxford University of Cologne International Criminal Court
Gregor Novak Birgit Peters Thomas Groh
Yale University University of Rostock Berlin School of Economics and Law
Christian Djeffal Gillian MacNeil 
Higher Regional Court


John Dugard Christof Heyns Fatsah Ouguergouz
University of Pretoria University of Pretoria African Court of Human and Peoples' Rights
Christoph Schreuer Bakhtiyar Tuzmukhamedov C.G. Weeramantry
University of Vienna Diplomatic Academy Monash University
Edith Brown Weiss Rüdiger Wolfrum Sienho Yee
Georgetown University Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law Wuhan University Institute of International Law


Horace Adjolohoun Abdullah Al Faruque  Daniele Amoroso  Helmut Philipp Aust  Davinia Aziz 
Peter Bachmayer J. Craig Barker  Kemal Baslar  Ed Bates  Stéphane Beaulac 
Nita Benoliel  Camille Bergmann  Maria Teresa Bia  Kealeboga N Bojosi  Edmunds Broks 
Catherine Brolmann  Thomas Burri  Elizabeth Cameron  Jernej Letnar Černič Alessandro Chechi 
Aristotle Constantinides Sonkita Conteh  Emily Crawford  Robert J Currie  Oliver Doraisamy 
Janine A Dumont  Saïda El Boudouhi  Olivier de Frouville  Maarten den Heijer  Paul Eden 
Marius Emberland Maija Faurie  Anél Ferreira-Snyman  Carlo Focarelli  Ximena Fuentes 
Roger Gamble Claudia Geiringer  Lena Graber  Sara B Greenberg  Thomas Groh 
Mika Grunth  Jacques Hartmann Matthias Hartwig  Mohamed R Hassanien  Christian Hoppe 
Md Zakir Hossain  Devika Hovell  Kushtrim Istrefi  Massimo Iovane  Patrícia Jerónimo 
Bing Bing Jia  Waruguru Kaguongo  Nikila Kaushik  Stephen Ke  Martijn Jurgen Keeman 
Magnus Killander  Hugh M Kindred  Eszter Kirs  Jan Kratochvil  Shelly Kreiczer 
Markus Lanter  Carl Lebeck  Sotirios-Ioannis Lekkas Roemer Lemaître  CL Lim 
Hye-Young Lim  Liang-Rong Lin  Anna-Sara Lind Marina Litz  Tsvetanka Lozanova 
Gillian MacNeil  Ivo Magnée  Dominique Maingot  Innocent Maja  Lesley Manthey 
Alice Margaria  Thomas Margueritte  Sergei Marochkin  Sam Murray  Tarisai Mutangi 
Saphina Nakulima  Salem Hikmat Nasser  Jahan Navidi  Giulio Nessi  Ilona Nieminen 
Ragnar Nordeide  Christian Garuka Nsabimana  Opeoluwa Ogundokun  Kudret Özersay  Paolo Palchetti 
Riccardo Pavoni  Francisco Pereira Coutinho  Priya Pillai  Ravina Pratap  Laura Precup-Pop 
GJ Pulles  Fabián Raimondo  Mianko Ramaroson  Rohini Rangachari  Zane Ratniece 
Markus Rau  Elena Rechapova  August Reinisch  Eva Rieter  Martin Roger 
Cedric Ryngaert  Aziz Tuffi Saliba  Elizabeth Salmón Gárate  Birgit Schlütter  Russell Schmidt 
Gusel Schneider  Frank Schorkopf  Dinah Shelton  Korir Sing'oei  Mateja Steinbrück Platise 
Ralph G Steinhardt  Simonetta Stirling-Zanda  Jon Stokholm  HA Strydom  Sándor Szemesi 
Christian J Tams  Ruth Teitelbaum  Liam Thornton  Dire Tladi  Kathryn Todryk 
Simon Van de Walle  Harmen van der Wilt  Dries Van Eeckhoutte  Juan Santos Vara  Sten Verhoeven 
Maarten Vidal  André von Walter  Jan Erik Wetzel  Elizabeth Wye  Anna Wyrozumska 
Alexander Yakovlev  Keren Yalin-Mor  Andreas R Ziegler  Sara Porro  Juan Pablo Pérez-León Acevedo
Dominic Dagbanja  Jan Wouters  Evelien Wauters  Thomas Van Poecke

Felix Lange

Asier Garrido Muñoz Debra Siton Andreas Ziegler Surendra Kumar

Etienne Henry

Odile Ammann