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Articles on Encyclopedia of EU Law

Oxford Encyclopedia of EU Law launched with 95 articles. New articles will be added frequently throughout year until the full complement of over 1,000 planned articles—currently being authored, peer-reviewed, edited, and prepared for publication—is reached.

Browse the current list of 168 published articles below. 

Article Title Author(s) Author Affiliation
A. Data Protection Law Michèle Finck Professor of Artificial Intelligence and Law, University of Tübingen and Affiliated Fellow, Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition
A. EU Social and Employment Law Sacha Garben and Jeremias Adams-Prassl Professor of EU Law, College of Europe (Bruges); Professor of Law, University of Oxford and Deputy Director of the Institute of European and Comparative Law, University of Oxford 
A. Values Tomasz Tadeusz Koncewicz Professor, University of Gdańsk, Editorial Board
Access to Healthcare of Migrant 'Third Country Nationals' Markus Frischhut  Jean Monnet Professor at MCI | The Entrepreneurial School®, Innsbruck, Austria
Air Carriers' Liability Francesco Morandi and Elisabetta Rosafio Francesco Morandi, Full Professor of Tourism and Transport Law, University of Sassari (Italy); Elisabetta G. Rosafio, Full Professor of Maritime and Air Law, University of Teramo (Italy)
Air Transport Steven Truxal Professor of Air and Space Law, Leiden University
Air Transport Agreements Andrea Trimarchi Researcher in International and Aviation Law, Institute of Air, Space and Cyber Law, University of Cologne
Airline Alliances and Mergers Andrea Trimarchi Research Associate and Air Law Adviser, Institute of Air, Space and Cyber Law, University of Cologne
Alcohol Advertising Ollie Bartlett Law Department, Maynooth University, Ireland
Alcohol Labelling and Health Claims Ollie Bartlett Law Department, Maynooth University, Ireland
Alcohol Production Ollie Bartlett Law Department, Maynooth University, Ireland
Amendments of EU Treaties Dana Burchardt Freie Universität Berlin
Aviation Safety Policy Anna Masutti Professor of Air & Space Law, University of Bologna
Aviation Security Anna Masutti Professor of Air & Space Law, University of Bologna
Cabotage Davide Maresca Università Pegaso
Carbon Capture and Storage Leonie Reins Professor of Public Law and Sustainability, Erasmus University Rotterdam
Carrier's Liability in Water Transport Olena Bokareva     Lund University
Cartels of Health Institutions Mary Guy Lancaster Law School, Lancaster University, UK
Citizens' ́Initiative Robert Grzeszczak Professor of European Law, University of Warsaw
Collective Rights Rebecca Zahn Law School, University of Strathclyde, UK
Committee of the Regions Elaine Fahey Institute for the Study of European Law (ISEL), City Law School, University of London
Common Commercial Policy Andreas R. Ziegler  
Competence in Common Foreign and Security Policy Lorin-Johannes Wagner Associate Professor, Institute of European Law at the University   of Graz (Austria)
Consortia Agreements Davide Maresca Università Pegaso
Consumer Protection Vanessa Mak Professor of Civil Law, Leiden University
Council of the European Union: Composition Henri de Waele Radboud University Nijmegen and University of Antwerp
Council of the European Union: Internal Organisation Jonathan Bauerschmidt Dr. iur., Member of the Legal Service, Council of the European Union 
Court Cases Kai Purnhagen & Laurence W. Gormley Norwegian Research Center for Computers and Law, Department of Private Law, University of Oslo
Cross-Border Healthcare Under Article 56 TFEU and the Patients' Rights Directive Tamara Hervey Jean Monnet Professor of EU Law, City University, London, UK
Cross-Border Healthcare Under Regulation 883/20044 Tamara Hervey Jean Monnet Professor of EU Law, City University, London, UK
Data Protection by Design and by Default Lee A. Bygrave NRCCL, Department of Private Law, University of Oslo
Decisions Enrico Peuker Dr. iur., Interim Professor of Public Law at the Faculty of Law, Business and Economics of the University of Bayreuth
Delegated Legislation Natalia Kohtamäki Faculty of Law and Administration, Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw, Poland
Democracy in the EU Matthias Ruffert Chair for Public Law and European Law at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin and Director of the Walter Hallstein-Institute for European Constitutional Law
Denied Boarding, Delay and Cancellation Francesco Morandi and Elisabetta Rosafio Francesco Morandi, Full Professor of Tourism and Transport Law, University of Sassari (Italy); Elisabetta G. Rosafio, Full Professor of Maritime and Air Law, University of Teramo (Italy)
Differentiated Integration Daniel Thym  
Differentiated Integration in the European Integration Process Martijn van den Brink Hertie School, Jacques Delors Centre
Digital Content Contracts Christine Riefa Professor, University of Reading
Duty to Provide Reasons Samo Bardutzky Faculty of Law, University of Ljubljana
Ecodesign and Energy Labelling Sirja Leena Penttinen Assistant Director, Centre for Energy Law, Tulane University
Effective Judicial Protection Andrea Biondi Professor of European Law and Director of the Centre of European Law at King's College London; Visiting Professor Bocconi
Effective Judicial Protection in EU Banking Supervision Giovanni Bassani University of Edinburgh
Effective Judicial Protection in EU Competition Law Andriani Kalintiri King's College London
Energy Efficiency Sirja Leena Penttinen Assistant Director, Centre for Energy Law, Tulane University
Energy Performance of Buildings Sirja Leena Penttinen Assistant Director, Centre for Energy Law, Tulane University
Environmental Justice Davor Petrić Department of European Public Law, Faculty of Law, University of Zagreb
Environmental Justice as a Value Monika Adamczak-Retecka Faculty of Law and Administration, University of Gdańsk
Environmental Law Josephine van Zeben Wageningen University
Equality as an EU Value Erica Howard Professor of Law, Middlesex University, London
EU Blocking Statute and the Anti-Coercion Instrument Viktor Szép, Ramses A. Wessel, and Enrico Zonta Assistant Professor, Professor of European Law, and student assistant at the University of Groningen
EU and Council of Europe Stefanie Schmahl Professor of German and Foreign Public Law, Public International Law and European Law, University of Würzburg
EU Citizenship Education Kris Grimonprez Affiliated senior researcher, Faculty of Law, KU Leuven, Belgium
European Commission: Tasks, Functions and Powers Emilia Korkea-aho University of Eastern Finland Law School
European Council Henri de Waele Radboud University Nijmegen and University of Antwerp
European Economic and Social Committee Thomas Perroud Panthéon-Assas University (Paris II)
European External Action Service Ramses A. Wessel Professor of European Law, University of Groningen
European Integration Jo Shaw  
EU Digital Single Market Alison Harcourt Professor, University of Exeter
EU Regulation of Energy Trading Petri Mäntysaari Professor in Commercial Law, Hanken School of Economics, Finland
European Integration in Context: The EU’s Relations with its Neighbours Paul James Cardwell Professor of Law, The Dickson Poon School of Law, King’s College London
European Labour Authority Bartłomiej Bednarowicz Visiting Professor in EU Labour and Social Security law at the University of Antwerp and Labour Mobility Officer at the European
European Parliament: Composition and Election – EU Law Enrico Peuker Dr. iur., Interim Professor of Public Law at the Faculty of Law, Business and Economics of the University of Bayreuth
European Social Fund Miriam Kullmann VU Amsterdam
European Union and World Trade Organization Peter Hilpold Professor of Public International Law, European Law, and Comparative Public Law, University of Innsbruck
European Union Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) Edwin Woerdman and Josephine van Zeber University of Groningen; Wageningen University
European Works Councils (EWC) Thomas Klebe Lawyer in the Law Firm Apitzsch/Schmidt/Klebe at Frankfurt am Main, honorary judge at the German Federal Labour Court
Federalism and the EU Nikos Skoutaris   University of East Anglia
Fiscal Sustainability as a European Union Value Łukasz Kielin University of Gdansk
Framework Agreements Filip Dorssemont Professor, Uclouvain
Free Movement of Capital and Payments Thomas Horsley University of Liverpool
Freedom of Establishment of Health Institutions Markus Frischhut Jean Monnet Professor at MCI | The Entrepreneurial School®, Innsbruck, Austria
Freedom of Establishment of Light Scrutiny Health Institutions Markus Frischhut Jean Monnet Professor at MCI | The Entrepreneurial School®, Innsbruck, Austria
Freedom of Establishment of Medium Scrutiny Health Institutions Markus Frischhut Jean Monnet Professor at MCI | The Entrepreneurial School®, Innsbruck, Austria
Global Governance and European Union Integration Elaine Fahey City Law School, City, University of London
Gambling as a Health Threat Vincent Delhomme Europa Institute, Leiden University School of Law, Netherlands; Institute for European Studies, Université Saint-Louis – Bruxelles
GATT/WTO Dispute Settlement and the European Court of Justice Peter Hilpold Professor of Public International Law, European Law, and Comparative Public Law, University of Innsbruck
Ground Handling Sirio Zolea Postdoctoral Researcher (University of Macerata) and Lecturer (University of Teramo) in Private Comparative Law
Harmonization in the EU Internal Market Stephen Weatherill Emeritus Jacques Delors Professor of European Law, University of Oxford
Health Data Mahsa Shabani Faculty of Law and Criminology, Ghent University & Faculty of Law, University of Amsterdam
Health Law Tamara Hervey Jean Monnet Professor of EU Law, City University, London, UK
Health Services: Migrant Professionals (Mode 3) André den Exter Associate Professor of Health Law, Erasmus Law School, Erasmus University Rotterdam
Health services: Telemedicine (Mode 1) André den Exter Associate Professor of Health Law, Erasmus Law School, Erasmus University Rotterdam
Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Florence Taboulet and Aurélie Mahalatchimy Professor in Pharmaceutical Law and Health Economics, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Centre for Epidemiology and Research in POPulation health, UMR 1295 Inserm- Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France.
**CNRS Permanent Researcher (CR) in law, UMR 7318 DICE CERIC, CNRS-Aix-Marseille Université-Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour-Université de Toulon et du Var, Aix-en-Provence, France
 
High Level of (Environmental) Protection Delphine Misonne Professor at Université Saint-Louis - Bruxelles, Head of CEDRE (Centre d’étude du droit de l’environnement), FNRS Research Associate
High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Ramses A. Wessel Professor of European Law, University of Groningen
Idea of the 'Constitutionalized Treaty' Sara Canduzzi Ph.D. candidate at Edinburgh Law School
Implementing Legislation Natalia Kohtamäki Faculty of Law and Administration, Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw, Poland
Information and Consultation Rights Elisabeth Brameshuber  
Inland Waterways Duygu Damar-Blanken Institute for Responsible Finance, Hamburg / Germany
Interim Relief and Enforcement of the Rule of Law Pål Wennerås Advocate (Ph.D.) and head of EU/EEA Law at the Office of the Attorney General of Civil Affairs, Norway
International Personal Data Transfer Laura Drechsler Centre for IT & IP Law (CITIP), KU Leuven - imec
Judicial Authority Vilija Vėlyvytė University of Reading
Legislative Procedure Angela Schwerdtfeger Georg August University Göttingen; Institute for Public Law; Chair of Public Law, in particular Administrative Law
Legitimate Interests Irene Kamara Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society, Tilburg Law School, Tilburg University, The Netherlands
Manufacturing and Batch Testing of Medicines Florence Taboulet and Aurélie Mahalatchimy Professor in Pharmaceutical Law and Health Economics, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Center for Epidemiology and Research in POPulation health, UMR 1295 Inserm- Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France | CNRS Permanent Researcher (CR) in law, UMR 7318 DICE CERIC, CNRS-Aix-Marseille Université-Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour-Université de Toulon et du Var, Aix-en-Provence, France
Maritime Infrastructures Davide Maresca Università Pegaso
Maritime Transport Duygu Damar Institute for Responsible Finance
Marketing Authorisation of Generics, Biosimilars, and Hybrid Medicinal Products Florence Taboulet and Aurélie Mahalatchimy Professor in Pharmaceutical Law and Health Economics, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Center for Epidemiology and Research in POPulation health, UMR 1295 Inserm- Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France | CNRS Permanent Researcher (CR) in law, UMR 7318 DICE CERIC, CNRS-Aix-Marseille Université-Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour-Université de Toulon et du Var, Aix-en-Provence, France
Monopolies in Health Institutions Mary Guy Lancaster Law School, Lancaster University, UK
Multimodal Transport Duygu Damar Research Associate, Institute for Responsible Finance (iff)
Mutual Recognition of Qualification: Automatic Recognition For Health Professionals Annette Schrauwen Professor of European Integration, with special reference to Citizenship and History, Faculty of Law, University of Amsterdam
National Parliaments in the EU Robert Grzeszczak Professor of European Law, University of Warsaw
New Intergovernmentalism and Legal Integration Paul James Cardwell  
Non-Discrimination on the Grounds of Age Alysia Blackham  
Non-discrimination on the Grounds of Sex Elise Muir Professor of European Law, KU Leuven and principal investigator of the RESHUFFLE project (European Research Council, grant agreement No 851621)
Non-Discrimination Religion/Belief Mark Bell School of Law, Trinity College Dublin, the University of Dublin
Non-Discrimination Race/Ethnic Origin Sara Benedi Lahuerta Sutherland School of Law, University College Dublin, the University of Dublin
Non-Discrimination Sexual Orientation Mark Bell School of Law, Trinity College Dublin, the University of Dublin
Orphan Medicines Eloïse Gennet and Aurélie Mahalatchimy     Post-doctoral researcher in law, UMR 7318 DICE CERIC, CNRS-Aix-Marseille Université-Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour-Université de Toulon et du Var, Aix-en-Provence, France
**CNRS Permanent Researcher (CR) in law, UMR 7318 DICE CERIC, CNRS-Aix-Marseille Université-Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour-Université de Toulon et du Var, Aix-en-Provence, France
 
Package Travel Contract and Linked Travel Arrangements Francesco Morandi Full Professor of Tourism and Transport Law, University of Sassari (Italy)
Packaging and Labelling of Medicines Florence Taboulet and Aurélie Mahalatchimy Professor in Pharmaceutical Law and Health Economics, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Center for Epidemiology and Research in POPulation health, UMR 1295 Inserm- Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France | CNRS Permanent Researcher (CR) in law, UMR 7318 DICE CERIC, CNRS-Aix-Marseille Université-Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour-Université de Toulon et du Var, Aix-en-Provence, France
Part-Time Work Elise Muir KU Leuven, Institute for European Law
Patients in EU Health Law Tamara Hervey Jean Monnet Professor of EU Law, City University, London, UK
Pesticides Aleksandra Cavoski University of Birmingham
Pluralism Matej Avbelj Professor of European Law, New University, Slovenia
PNR Anna Masutti Professor of Air & Space Law, University of Bologna
Port Services Davide Maresca Università Pegaso
Posted Workers Diana Niksova  
Preliminary Rulings to Enforce EU Values Morten Broberg Professor, University of Copenhagen
Principle of Prevention Leslie-Anne Duvic-Paoli Dickson Poon School of Law, King’s College London
Principle of Subsidiarity Katarzyna Granat Durham Law School
Pseudonymous Data Sophie Stalla-Bourdillon, Alfred Rossi Southampton Law School, University of Southampton & Immuta; Ohio State University Department of Computer Science and Engineering & Immuta
Quelle AG (Case 404/06) Stefano Troiano Università degli Studi di Verona
Rail Transport Carole Maczkovics Lawyer Partner and lecturer, King’s College London and Brussels School of Competition
Recommendations and Opinions Enrico Peuker Dr. iur., Interim Professor of Public Law at the Faculty of Law, Business and Economics of the University of Bayreuth
REDD+ Annalisa Savaresi, Lucia Perugini University of Eastern Finland and Fondazione Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici
Referendums and European Integration Fernando Mendez and Mario Mendez University of Zurich; Queen Mary University of London
Regulations Elaine Fahey Institute for the Study of European Law (ISEL), City Law School, City, University of London
REMIT Petri Mäntysaari  Professor in Commercial Law, Hanken School of Economics, Finland
Rights of Passengers Travelling by Sea and Inland Waterways Olena Bokareva     Lund University
Right to be Forgotten Jef Ausloos and Oskar J. Gstrein; University of Amsterdam, Institute for Information Law (IViR) and KU Leuven, Centre for IT&IP Law / University of Groningen, Campus Fryslân Data Research Centre
Role of the Charter of Fundamental Rights in EU Integration Eleni Frantziou Associate Professor in Public Law & Human Rights, Durham Law School, University of Durham
Sale of Goods Francisco de Elizalde IE University, IE Law School
Schmidberger Stephen Weatherill Emeritus Jacques Delors Professor of European Law, University of Oxford
Separation of Powers as an EU Value  Marcin Michalak  Assistant Professor of European and Comparative Law
Department of European and Comparative Law
University of Gdańsk
Shell Nederland Verkoopmaatschappij BV and Belgian Shell NV Violet Ross, Josephine van Zeben Wageningen University and Research
Single European Sky Andrea Trimarchi Researcher in International and Aviation Law, Institute of Air, Space and Cyber Law, University of Cologne
Slots Steven Truxal   Professor of Air and Space Law, Leiden University
Smart Mobility and Services Sofia Ranchordas Full Professor of European and Comparative Public, Faculty of Law, University of Groningen, The Netherlands. Professor of Public Law and Innovation, LUISS Guido Carli. Affiliated Fellow of the Information Society Project, Yale Law School
Social Security and Social Assistance Nicolas Rennuy York Law School, University of York
Soil Pollution Edwin Alblas Law Group, Wageningen University & Research
Solidarity Olga Śniadach Phd, University of Gdansk
State Aid and Public Service Obligations in Maritime and Inland Waterway Transport Malgorzata Cyndecka Associate Professor of EU/EEA Competition and Market Law, Faculty of Law, University of Bergen, Norway
State Aid and Public Service Obligations in Railway Transport Malgorzata Cyndecka Associate Professor of EU/EEA Competition and Market Law, Faculty of Law, University of Bergen, Norway
State Aid and Public Service Obligations in Road Transport Malgorzata Cyndecka Associate Professor of EU/EEA Competition and Market Law, Faculty of Law, University of Bergen, Norway
State Aid in Air Transport Malgorzata Cyndecka Associate Professor of EU/EEA Competition and Market Law, Faculty of Law, University of Bergen, Norway
The Data Protection Fairness Principle and the GDPR Damian Clifford Australian National University, College of Law; Associate Research Fellow, Institute of Advanced Legal Studies (University of London) 
The EU Institutional Framework Matthias Ruffert Chair for Public Law and European Law at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin and Director of the Walter Hallstein-Institute for European Constitutional Law
The European Pillar of Social Rights Elisabeth Brameshuber University of Vienna
The Evolution of the EU's Treaty Structure: From Gradual Treaty Change to Surging Crisis Jacob van de Beeten PhD Candidate, School of Law London School of Economics and Political Science
The GDPR and Children's Personal Data Simone van der Hof, Eva Lievens and Ingrida Milkaite Center for Law and Digital Technologies (eLaw), Leiden University; Law & Technology, Ghent University
The Legal Nature of Membership of the EU as a Supranational Organisation Paul James Cardwell  
The Liberalization Process in Transport Juan J. Montero Part-time Professor, Florence School of Regulation, European University Institute; Professor Administrative Law, UNED University (Madrid)
The Lisbon Treaty Rebecca Zahn  Law School, University of Strathclyde, UK
Theories of Legal Integration Arthur Dyevre KU Leuven Centre for Empirical Jurisprudence
The Scientific Advice Mechanism Aleksandra Cavoski University of Birmingham
The SESAR (Single European Sky ATM Research) Joint Undertaking Project Andrea Trimarchi Researcher in International and Aviation Law, Institute of Air, Space and Cyber Law, University of Cologne
Tobacco as a Health Threat Vincent Delhomme Europa Institute, Leiden University School of Law, Netherlands; Institute for European Studies, Université Saint-Louis – Bruxelles
Tobacco Composition Vincent Delhomme Europa Institute, Leiden University School of Law, Netherlands; Institute for European Studies, Université Saint-Louis – Bruxelles
Tobacco Packaging and Labelling Vincent Delhomme Europa Institute, Leiden University School of Law, Netherlands; Institute for European Studies, Université Saint-Louis – Bruxelles
Transfer of Undertakings Charles Wynn-Evans Dechert LLP
Transparency of Medicines Pricing Florence Taboulet and Aurélie Mahalatchimy Professor in Pharmaceutical Law and Health Economics, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Center for Epidemiology and Research in POPulation health, UMR 1295 Inserm- Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France | CNRS Permanent Researcher (CR) in law, UMR 7318 DICE CERIC, CNRS-Aix-Marseille Université-Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour-Université de Toulon et du Var, Aix-en-Provence, France
Transparent and Predictable Working Conditions Bartłomiej Bednarowicz European Labour Authority and the University of Antwerp
Transport Margherita Colangelo Associate Professor of Comparative Law, Roma Tre University
Waste Framework Directive Dimitris Tsiatsianis European University Institute
Withdrawal from the European Union Oliver Garner Bingham Centre for the Rule of Law
Wouters and Others (Case C-309 / 99) Eva van der Zee  Hamburg Universität
Written Statement Bartłomiej Bednarowicz European Labour Authority and the University of Antwerp