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Economic and Social Rights, Extraterritorial Application »

Elif Askin
1 Economic and social human rights are affected not only by the territorial State but also by other foreign or third States. Cross-border infringements of these rights of individuals situated in countries other than the potentially obligated State do not usually depend on the extraterritorial conduct of foreign State organs, which are physically present on foreign soil. Instead, in a globalized economy, sovereign States’ intraterritorial trade (Trade and Human Rights) and their financial, investment, or other laws, policies, and practices increasingly produce...

SDG 2 ‘End Hunger, Achieve Food Security and Improved Nutrition and Promote Sustainable Agriculture (“Zero Hunger”)’ »

Elif Askin
From: The UN Sustainable Development Goals: A Commentary
Ilias Bantekas, Francesco Seatzu
Sustainable Development Goal 2 (SDG 2) aims to end hunger, improve nutrition, and achieve food security and sustainable agriculture. The goal links the eradication of hunger and malnutrition to a transformation in agriculture and food systems and, in particular, to the empowerment of small-scale farmers. The nexus between food security, nutrition, and sustainable agriculture creates tensions between the different regimes of international law relevant to SDG 2. Unlike international human rights law, other fields of international law, such as international trade and investment law, pose serious challenges to the goal’s objectives and their effective implementation. These challenges are reinforced by an economic approach evident in SDG 2, which, for instance, prioritizes agricultural productivity over the human right to food. The chapter therefore calls for a human rights-based approach to SDG 2 and the need to systematically mainstream human rights in the entire Agenda 2030.