Part II Predominant Security Challenges and International Law, International Security, Ch.18 Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament under International Law »
Masahiko AsadaFrom: The Oxford Handbook of the International Law of Global Security
Edited By: Robin Geiß, Nils Melzer
This chapter traces the history of attempts and achievements in regulating the use of nuclear energy and material, focusing on nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament. Ever since its invention, the nuclear weapon has occupied a special place in the global security order, both militarily and politically, due to its extraordinary destructive power. This picture is further complicated by the fact that nuclear material has both military and civilian uses. Civilian use of nuclear material includes generating electricity through nuclear reactors. Nuclear material also has medical, agricultural, and other peaceful applications, such as its use in the treatment of cancer. The chapter assesses in detail such treaties as the Partial Test Ban Treaty, the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, and the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. It also looks at the current challenges involving the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and Iran.
1 The Senkaku Islands (in Japanese) or Diaoyu/Tiaoyu Islands (in Chinese) (‘Diaoyu/Senkaku’) are located in the East China Sea, 150km north of the Yaeyama Islands of Japan and 170km north-east of Taiwan. They are composed of Uotsurijima/Diaoyu Dao Island (3.6km2) and four other smaller islands and three rocks, and have an area of 6.3km2 in total. Although a Japanese population once lived on Uotsurijima/Diaoyu Dao Island, all the islands are now uninhabited. They had been considered to be almost valueless economically, except for fishing and feather-collecting...
1 Takeshima Island (in Japanese) or Dok Do/Tok Do Island (in Korean) (‘Dok Do/Takeshima’) is located in the Sea of Japan, 157km north-west of Okinoshima Island of Japan and 92km south-east of Ullung Do Island of the Republic of Korea. Dok Do/Takeshima, comprising two large and a number of smaller rocks and having a total area of 0.23km2, is not suitable for permanent human habitation, because it consists of precipitous cliffs and lacks drinking water sources, although since June 1954 South Korean security guards have been stationed there and the island and...