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Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance of Rio de Janeiro (1947) »

Jean-Michel Arrighi
1 Since its origins, dating back to the end of the 19th century, the inter-American system has gradually consolidated a set of ground rules. In particular, resolutions and agreements established the principle of solidarity among American States vis-à-vis external threats and threats to peace in the region (Peace, Threat to); the obligation to seek peaceful settlement of international disputes, culminating in the adoption of the American Treaty on Pacific Settlement (Bogotá Pact [1948]) and its prohibition of the use of force (Use of Force, Prohibition of); the...

Organization of American States (OAS) »

Jean-Michel Arrighi
1The Organization of American States (‘OAS’) is an international organization established in 1948 to achieve among its Member States, as Art. 1 Charter of the OAS indicates, ‘an order of peace and justice, to promote their solidarity, to strengthen their collaboration, and to defend their sovereignty, their territorial integrity, and their independence’ (Territorial Integrity and Political Independence). Today it comprises the 35 independent States of the Americas and constitutes the principal political, juridical, and social governmental forum in the hemisphere...