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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Protecting Power

Hans-Joachim Heintze

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 21 March 2023

Diplomatic relations — Armed conflict — Geneva Conventions 1949

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 During armed conflicts a protecting power is a neutral State or one which is not party to the conflict, and is designated by a party to the conflict and accepted by the adverse party. Moreover, the protecting power itself will have agreed to carry out the functions of a protecting power. The tasks assigned to a protecting power are listed in the Geneva Conventions I–IV (1949) ([adopted 12 August 1949, entered into force 21 October 1950] UNTS vol 75). Thus, protecting powers act under the Geneva mandate. The idea behind the Geneva mandate is the use of...
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