1 During armed conflicts a protecting power is a neutral State or one which is not party to the conflict, and is designated by a party to the conflict and accepted by the adverse party. Moreover, the protecting power itself will have agreed to carry out the functions of a protecting power. The tasks assigned to a protecting power are listed in the Geneva Conventions I–IV (1949) ([adopted 12 August 1949, entered into force 21 October 1950] UNTS vol 75). Thus, protecting powers act under the Geneva mandate. The idea behind the Geneva mandate is the use of...
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