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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Heads of Diplomatic Missions

Nicolas Angelet

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 24 January 2021

Heads of state and other senior officials — Diplomatic missions — Diplomatic immunity

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 When permanent diplomatic relations were first introduced in the 15th century by the Italian republics, heads of mission were considered to be representatives of the sovereign (Sovereignty). Gradually diplomacy became a professional career and the function of head of mission started to be governed by legally binding rules on the classification of heads of mission, their acceptability by the receiving State, the commencement of their functions, and also on their powers (Representatives of States in International Relations).2 The Congresses of Vienna (Vienna...
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